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Emmanuel Toussaint

Chargé de recherche


Entomologie
Spécialités: Phylogénie et Évolution / Coleoptera & Lepidoptera
T +41 22 418 64 67
Muséum d'histoire naturelle
Route de Malagnou 1
1208 Genève

Webpage: www.emmanueltoussaint.wordpress.com
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=DSRq0LEAAAAJ&hl=en

J’étudie l’origine et l’évolution de la biodiversité des insectes. Il existe un nombre incroyable d’espèces d’insectes encore inconnues en particulier dans les tropiques. Participer à des missions d’exploration et de collecte, décrire et placer ces espèces nouvelles dans un contexte phylogénétique est au cœur de ma recherche. Je reconstruis des arbres phylogénétiques et phylogénomiques de façon à comprendre les processus évolutifs qui gouvernent l’assemblage de la biodiversité à travers le temps et l’espace. Je suis particulièrement intéressé par les patrons biogéographiques et la dynamique de diversification de nombreux groupes d’insectes, des papillons aux coléoptères aquatiques.


I study the origin and evolution of insect biodiversity. There is a staggering number of insect species awaiting to be discovered in the tropics. Participating in field expeditions, describing and placing these species in a phylogenetic context is at the heart of my research. I build phylogenetic and phylogenomic trees to understand the evolutionary processes governing biodiversity assemblage over space and time. I am interested in the biogeographical patterns and the diversification dynamics of a variety of insect groups, from butterflies to water beetles.

Profil

Parcours


2019–présent Chargé de Recherche/Conservateur, Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Genève, Suisse.
2017–2018 Post-doc, Kawahara Lab, Université de Floride, Gainesville, USA.
2015–2016 Post-doc, Short Lab, Université du Kansas, Lawrence, USA.
2014 Doctorat, Université Ludwig-Maximilians, Munich, Allemagne.
2011 Master, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
2009 Licence, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.


2019–present Res. Officer / Curator, Natural History Museum of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
2017–2018 Post-doc, Kawahara Lab, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
2015–2016 Post-doc, Short Lab, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA.
2014 Ph.D., Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
2011 M.Sc., Paris-Sud University, Orsay, France.
2009 B.Sc., Paris-Sud University, Orsay, France.

Publications

Lien vers la base de données des tirés à part de la bibliothèque du Muséum (prochainement)

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56. Short, A.E.Z., Girón, J.C., Toussaint, E.F.A. 2021. Evolution and biogeography of acidocerine water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) shaped by Gondwanan vicariance and Cenozoic isolation of South America. Systematic Entomology, 42(2): 1-16
DOI: 10.1111/syen.12467

55. Toussaint, E.F.A., Ellis, E.A., Gott, R.J., Warren, A.D., Dexter, K.M., Storer, C., Lohman, D.J., Kawahara, A.Y. 2020. Historical biogeography of Heteropterinae skippers via Beringian and post-Tethyan corridors.Zoologica Scripta, 50: 100-111
DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12457

54. Ortiz-Acevedo, E., Gomez, J.P., Espeland, M., Toussaint, E.F.A., Willmott, K.R. 2020. The roles of wing color pattern and geography in the evolution of Neotropical Preponini butterflies. Ecology and Evolution, 10: 12801-12816
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.681

53. Toussaint EFA, Bybee SM, Erickson R, Condamine FL. Forest giants on different evolutionary branches: Ecomorphological convergence in helicopter damselflies. Evolution, in press.

52. Simões MVP, Baca SM, Toussaint EFA, Windsor DM, Short AEZ. Solving a thorny situation: DNA and morphology illuminate the evolution of the leaf beetle tribe Dorynotini (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, in press (Early View).

51. Gough HM, Duran DP, Kawahara AY, Toussaint EFA. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of tiger beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Cicindelinae). Systematic Entomology, in press (Early View).

50. Toussaint EFA, Turlin B, Balke M (2019) Biogeographical, molecular and morphological evidence unveils cryptic diversity in the Oriental Black Rajah Charaxes solon (Fabricius, 1793) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 126(1): 114–130.

49. Kergoat GJ*, Condamine FL*, Toussaint EFA, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Clamens AL, Barbut J, Goldstein PZ*, Le Ru BP* (2018) Opposite macroevolutionary responses to environmental changes in grasses and insects during the Neogene grassland expansion. Nature Communications, 9: 5089.

48. Lam A, Toussaint EFA, Kindler C, Van Dam MH, Panjaitan R, Roderick GK, Balke M (2018) Stream flow alone does not predict population structure of diving beetles across complex tropical landscapes. Molecular Ecology, 27(17): 3541–3554.

47. Johns CA, Toussaint EFA, Breinholt JW, Kawahara AY (2018) Origin and macroevolution of micro-moths on sunken Hawaiian islands. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 285: 20181047.

46. Kawahara AY, Breinholt JW, Espeland M, Storer CG, Plotkin D, Dexter KM, Toussaint EFA, St Laurent RA, Brehm G, Vargas S, Forero D, Pierce NE, Lohman DJ (2018) Phylogenetics of moth-like butterflies (Papilionoidea: Hedylidae) based on a new 13-locus target capture probe set. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 127: 600–605.

45. Toussaint EFA, Short AEZ (2018) Transoceanic stepping–stones between Cretaceous waterfalls? The enigmatic biogeography of pantropical Oocyclus cascade beetles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 127: 416–428.

44. Kawahara AY, Toussaint EFA (2018) Conservation note on the status of the rare endemic Marquesan snout butterfly, Libythea collenettei. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 50: 25–34.

43. Toussaint EFA, Breinholt JW, Earl C, Warren AD, Brower AVZ, Yago M, Dexter KM, Espeland M, Pierce NE, Lohman DJ, Kawahara AY (2018) Anchored phylogenomics illuminates the skipper butterfly tree of life. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18: 101.

42. Espeland M, Breinholt JW, Willmott KR, Vila R, Toussaint EFA, Maunsell SC, Aduse-Poku K, Talavera G, Eastwood R, Jarzyna MA, Ries L, Guralnick R, Lohman DJ, Pierce NE, Kawahara AY (2018) A comprehensive and dated phylogenomic analysis of butterflies. Current Biology, 28: 1–9.

41. Toussaint EFA, Gillett CPDT (2018) Rekindling Jeannel’s Gondwanan vision? Phylogenetics and evolution of Carabinae with a focus on Calosoma caterpillar hunter beetles. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 123(1): 191–207.

40. Short AEZ, Post D, Toussaint EFA (2017) Biology, distribution, and phylogenetic placement of the California endemic water scavenger beetle Hydrochara rickseckeri (Horn) (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 71(3): 461–467.

39. Toussaint EFA, Short AEZ (2017) Biogeographic mirages? Molecular evidence for dispersal-driven evolution in Hydrobiusini water scavenger beetles. Systematic Entomology, 42(4): 692–702.

38. Short AEZ, Cole J, Toussaint EFA (2017) Phylogeny, classification, and evolution of the water scavenger beetle tribe Hydrobiusini inferred from morphology and molecules (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae: Hydrophilinae). Systematic Entomology, 42(4): 677–691.

37. Toussaint EFA, Bloom D, Short AEZ (2017) Cretaceous West Gondwana vicariance shaped giant water scavenger beetle palaeobiogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 44(9): 1952–1965.

36. Toussaint EFA, Tänzler R, Balke M, Riedel A (2017) Transoceanic origin of microendemic and flightless New Caledonian weevils. Royal Society Open Science, 4: 160546.

35. Toussaint EFA, Hendrich L, Hájek J, Michat MC, Panjaitan R, Short AEZ, Balke M (2017) Evolution of Pacific Rim diving beetles sheds light on Amphi-Pacific biogeography. Ecography, 40(4): 500–510.

34. Hawlitschek O, Toussaint EFA, Gehring P-S, Ratsoavina FM, Cole N, Crottini A, Nopper J, Lam AW, Vences M, Glaw F (2017) Gecko phylogeography in the Western Indian Ocean region: The oldest clade of Ebenavia inunguis lives on the youngest island. Journal of Biogeography, 44(2): 409–420.

33. Toussaint EFA, Seidel M, Arriaga-Varela E, Hájek J, Král D, Sekerka s L, Short AEZ, Fikáček M (2017) The peril of dating beetles. Systematic Entomology, 42(1): 1–10.

32. Baca SM, Toussaint EFA, Miller KB, Short AEZ (2017) Molecular phylogeny of the aquatic beetle family Noteridae (Coleoptera: Adephaga) with an emphasis on data partitioning strategies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107: 282–292.

31. Toussaint EFA, Short AEZ (2016) Molecular phylogenetics of Atlantic shield Platynectes diving beetles (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae): A first glance at the evolution of the genus in the Amazon Basin. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.), 52(4): 185–191.

30. Toussaint EFA, Morinière J, Lam A, Turlin B, Balke M (2016) Bayesian Poisson tree processes and multispecies coalescent models shed new light on the diversification of Nawab butterflies in the Solomon Islands (Nymphalidae, Charaxinae, Polyura). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 178(2): 241–256.

29. Toussaint EFA, Balke M (2016) Historical biogeography of Polyura butterflies in the oriental Palaeotropics: trans-archipelagic routes and South Pacific island hopping. Journal of Biogeography, 43(8): 1560–1572.

28. Toussaint EFA, Fikáček M, Short AEZ (2016) India-Madagascar vicariance explains cascade beetle biogeography. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 118(4): 982–991.

27. Toussaint EFA, Hendrich L, Escalona HE, Porch N, Balke M (2016) Evolutionary history of a secondary terrestrial Australian diving beetle (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) reveals a lineage of high morphological and ecological plasticity. Systematic Entomology, 41(3): 650–657.

26. Toussaint EFA, Morinière J, Lam A, Balke M (2016) New insights into the systematics of the genus Polyura Billberg, 1820 (Nymphalidae, Charaxinae) with an emphasis on the P. athamas group. Journal of The Lepidopterists’ Society, 70(2): 145–152.

25. Morinière J, Van Dam MH, Hawlitschek O, Bergsten J, Michat MC, Hendrich L, Ribera I, Toussaint EFA*, Balke M* (2016) Phylogenetic niche conservatism explains an inverse latitudinal diversity gradient in freshwater arthropods. Scientific Reports, 6: 26340.

24. Toussaint EFA, Balke M, García M, Short AEZ (2016) Molecular systematics of the Neotropical diving beetle genus Rugosus García, 2001 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Copelatinae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 70(1): 53–58.

23. Toussaint EFA*, Condamine FL* (2016) To what extent do new fossil discoveries change our understanding of clade evolution? A cautionary tale from burying beetles (Coleoptera: Nicrophorus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117(4): 686–704.

22. Toussaint EFA, Beutel RG, Morinière J, Jia F, Xu S, Michat MC, Zhou X, Bilton DT, Ribera I, Balke M (2016) Molecular phylogeny of the highly disjunct cliff water beetles from South Africa and China (Coleoptera, Aspidytidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 176(3): 537–546.

21. Tänzler R, Van Dam MH, Toussaint EFA, Suhardjono YR, Balke M, Riedel A (2016) Macroevolution of hyperdiverse flightless beetles reflects the complex geological history of the Sunda Arc. Scientific Reports, 6: 18793.

20. Toussaint EFA, Hendrich L, Shaverdo HV, Balke M (2015) Mosaic patterns of diversification dynamics following the colonization of Melanesian islands. Scientific Reports, 5: 16016.

19. Faille A*, Tänzler R, Toussaint EFA* (2015) On the way to speciation: Shedding light on the karstic phylogeography of the microendemic cave beetle Aphaenops cerberus in the Pyrenees. Journal of Heredity, 106(6): 692–699.

18. Toussaint EFA, Tänzler R, Rahmadi C, Sagata K, Balke M, Riedel A (2015) Biogeography of Australasian flightless weevils (Curculionidae, Celeuthetini) suggests permeability of Lydekker’s and Wallace’s Lines. Zoologica Scripta, 44(6): 632–644.

17. Kergoat GJ, Toussaint EFA, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Clamens A-L, Ong’amo G, Conlong D, Van den Berg J, Cugala, D, Pallangyo B, Mubenga O, Chipabika G, Ndemah R, Sezonlin M, Bani G, Molo R, Catalayud P-A, Kaiser L, Silvain J-F, Le Ru BP (2015) Integrative taxonomy reveals six new species related to the Mediterranean corn stalk borer Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefèbvre) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Sesamiina). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175(2): 244–270.

16. Condamine FL, Toussaint EFA, Clamens A-L, Genson G, Sperling FAH§, Kergoat GJ§ (2015) Deciphering the evolution of birdwing butterflies 150 years after Alfred Russel Wallace. Scientific Reports, 5: 11860.

15. Toussaint EFA, Morinière J, Müller CJ, Kunte K, Turlin B, Hausmann A, Balke M (2015) Comparative molecular species delimitation in the charismatic Nawab butterflies (Nymphalidae, Charaxinae, Polyura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 91: 194–209.

14. Bilton DT, Toussaint EFA, Turner C, Balke M (2015) Capelatus prykei gen. n., sp. n. (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Copelatinae) - a phylogenetically isolated diving beetle from the Western Cape of South Africa. Systematic Entomology, 40(3): 520–531.

13. Toussaint EFA, Condamine FL, Hawlitschek O, Watts CHS, Porch N, Hendrich L, Balke M (2015) Unveiling the diversification dynamics of Australasian predaceous diving beetles in the Cenozoic. Systematic Biology, 64(1): 3–24.

12. Le Ru BP, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Toussaint EFA, Conlong D, Van den Berg J, Pallangyo B, Ong'amo G, Chipabika G, Molo R, Overholt WA, Cuda JP, Kergoat GJ (2014) Molecular phylogenetics and systematics of Acrapex stem borers (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Apameini). Invertebrate Systematics, 28(5): 451–475.

11. Hendrich L, Toussaint EFA, Balke M (2014) Brancuporus nov. gen. a new genus of hydroporine diving beetle (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporini) from Southwestern Australia. Spixiana, 37(1): 103–109.

10. Toussaint EFA, Hall R, Monaghan M, Sagata K, Ibalim S, Shaverdo HV, Vogler AP, Pons J, Balke M (2014) The towering orogeny of New Guinea as a trigger for arthropod megadiversity. Nature Communications, 5: 4001.

9. Tänzler R, Toussaint EFA, Suhardjono YR, Balke M, Riedel A (2014) Multiple transgressions of Wallace’s Line explain diversity of flightless Trigonopterus weevils on Bali. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281(1782): 20132528.

8. Balke M, Warikar E, Toussaint EFA, Hendrich L (2013) Papuadessus baueri sp.nov. from Biak Island, Papua (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae). Spixiana, 36(2): 283–288.

7. Balke M, Hendrich L., Toussaint EFA, Zhou X, von Rintelen T, de Bruyn M (2013) Suggestions for a molecular biodiversity assessment of South East Asian freshwater invertebrates. Lessons from the megadiverse beetles (Coleoptera). Journal of Limnology, 72(2): 61–68.

6. Balke M, Schmidt S, Hausmann A, Toussaint EFA, Bergsten J, Buffington M, Häuser C, Kroupa A, Riedel A, Polaszek A, Ubaidillah R, Krogmann L, Zwick L, Fikáček M, Hájek J, Michat MC, Dietrich C, LaSalle J, Mantle B, Ng P (2013) Biodiversity into your hands - A call for a virtual global natural history ‘metacollection’. Frontiers in Zoology, 10: 55.

5. Balke M, Toussaint EFA, Hendrich L, Hájek J (2013) A new species of the Australian genus Necterosoma from Timor (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporini). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 53(1): 65–74.

4. Toussaint EFA, Sagata K, Surbakti S, Hendrich L, Balke M (2013) Australasian sky islands act as a diversity pump facilitating peripheral speciation and complex reversal from narrow endemic to widespread ecological supertramp. Ecology and Evolution. 3(4): 1031–1049.

3. Condamine FL, Toussaint EFA, Cotton A, Sperling FAH, Genson G, Kergoat GJ (2013) Fine-scale biogeographic and temporal diversification processes of peacock swallowtails (Papilio subgenus Achillides) in the Indo–Australian Archipelago. Cladistics, 29(1): 88–111.

2. Hawlitschek O, Hendrich L, Espeland M, Toussaint EFA, Genner MJ, Balke M (2012) Pleistocene climate change promoted rapid diversification of aquatic invertebrates in South–East Australia. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12: 142.

1. Toussaint EFA, Condamine FL, Kergoat GJ, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Barbut J, Silvain J-F, Le Ru BP (2012) Palaeoenvironmental shifts drove the adaptive radiation of a noctuid stemborer tribe (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Apameini) in the Miocene. PLoS ONE, 7(7): e41377.

Projets

- Phylogénie et Biogéographie de différents groupes de coléoptères Adephaga parmi lesquels Carabinae, Cicindelinae et Dytiscidae.
- Taxonomie moléculaire et systématique des papillons de la sous-famille Charaxinae.
- Phylogénomique et Biogéographie des papillons de la sous-famille Charaxinae.
- Phylogénomique des hespéries (Hesperiidae).


- Phylogeny and Biogeography of different Adephaga groups including Carabinae, Cicindelinae and Dytiscidae beetles.
- Molecular taxonomy and systematics of Charaxini butterflies.
- Phylogenomics and Biogeography of Charaxinae butterflies.
- Phylogenomics of skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae).

Engagements

Relecteur pour les revues internationales suivantes/Ad-hoc reviewer for the following peer-reviewed journals:

Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.), Austral Entomology, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Biological Reviews, BMC Evolutionary Biology, Diversity, European Journal of Entomology, Evolution, Global Ecology and Biogeography, Insect Systematics and Diversity, Insects, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Journal of Biogeography, Molecular Ecology, Molecular Ecology Resources, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Nature Communications, PeerJ, PLoS ONE, Royal Society Open Science, Scientific Reports, Systematic Biology, Systematic Entomology, Zoologica Scripta, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Zootaxa.

Relecteur pour les agences de financement suivantes/Ad-hoc reviewer for the following funding agencies:

DFG / German Research Foundation
National Science Center Poland (NCN)
PRESTIGE Postdoc program (Marie Curie Actions COFUND)